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Gueup was supposed to be the passage station for trains as opened its economy to the outside. But with the strong opposition of its people, the station was built in today¡¯s Okcheon and accordingly the region became the center of the region¡¯s economic activity. But since then, it went to ruin, just living the traces of the glory and prosperity in Gueup.
Koreans dwelling style and religion have gone through many rapid changes from the late Joseon Dynasty, the Japanese colonial era, post-liberation era, the Korean War and the economic development period in the late 1970s. It is Okcheon where you can see the whole changes at once. If you visit Jiyong¡¯s birthplace and then walk around Gueup, you can see the various buildings of the each past times.

At today¡¯s Gueup intersection, the former market street in the early Japanese colonial era, there are Japanese-style commercial buildings which were built in the 1910s. And on the opposite side, passing through the ¡°Gueup Post Office¡¯ and an alley which leads to ¡®Church Place¡¯, you will see the largest rice mill in that times in Okcheon. At the times, numerous people with oxcarts were crowded at the mill to pound rice.
Passing by the mill, if you go into an alley, you will see an American-style church. Christianity, disseminated by American missionaries, largely contributed to the development of the Korean society of in the early 1900s through educational and medical businesses.
As Catholic introduced its unique-style buildings to the Korean society, so did Christianity and Koreans called the Christian Buildings ¡®Church Place¡¯. Architects classify the two different style buildings as ¡®American-style Church Architecture¡¯ and ¡®Gothic-style Catholic Architecture.

And in Gueup, Okcheon Confucian Temple and a traditional Korean architecture called ¡®Okju-samaso¡¯ still exist.
Okcheon Confucian Temple was first built in 1398, the 7th year of King Taejong, to nurture Confucian scholars and educate the local citizens. But during the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, it was destroyed by fire. Fortunately, in 1961, the temple was rebuilt and repaired in 1966 and 1974 respectively to be what it is.

Okju-Samaso'was a place ¡®Sangwons'(person who passed the lower civil examination) and ¡®Jinsas'( those who only passed the first examination for office) gathered to teach Confucian and discuss politics. It was built in the fifth year of King Hyojong, in 1654, to store national rice and grain but later it became Samaso. Only local villages with more than 50 people who passed the Sama exam could have their own Samaso on their lands. Those at each Samaso greatly contributed to the related regional development by promoting friendship among them, having discussions on politics and providing education.

These two traditional buildings with the unique touch and beauty of Korean architecture will enrich your pleasure while appreciating the Korean architecture.